Nova Scotia Archives

Mi'kmaw Community Gatherings

Regalia and Remembrance

In his Letters from Nova Scotia (1830), Captain William Moorsom observed that Mi'kmaq clothing included a "blue cloth surtout, edged at the seams with stripes of red, open at the neck, closely fitted to the body, and belted round the waist, their leggins [sic] of the same material, and seal-skin or stuffed cap, or a common hat...."

Almost thirty years later, Frederic Cozzens furnished another brief description in his Acadia; or, a month with the Blue Noses (1859), noting that the Mi'kmaq women whom he met were "arrayed in blue broadcloth frocks and leggings, and modesty, and moccasins." Cozzens also remembered that the chief wore a great silver cross and medal.

In the years following European contact, traditional Mi'kmaq dress was an amalgam of French and English elements, combined with Mi'kmaq forms from earlier periods. Leather and furs were replaced with European materials, trims and fastenings. The finest Mi'kmaq traditional clothes were termed 'full regalia.'

The pointed cap was traditional headgear for Mi'kmaq women, although other styles were sometimes worn. Traditional women's dress also included a jacket, usually broadcloth with ribbon trim, and fastened with a brooch. The skirt was a tube of cloth, with shoulder suspenders of braid or tape; ornamental tabs hung below the jacket. Dress also included cloth leggings, dried moose-hide moccasins and a tobacco pouch.

Men's traditional dress included a coat copied from contemporary European military uniforms, featuring a collar, cuffs and beaded epaulets; the coat was tied with a woven belt. Men's dress also included leggings tied to short trousers, plus moccasins and a hat, cap or feather headdress.

Results 1 to 15 of 19 from your search: Regalia and Remembrance

Chief Louis Peter of Bear River

Date: ca. 1940- ca. 1950

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Chief Louis Peter

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Elder Counsellor Papa Sack of Shubenacadie

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Sack

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Mi'kmaq woman, Mary Christianne Paul Morris, with quillwork

Date: ca. 1863- ca. 1873

Photographer: Joseph S. Rogers

Reference: Joseph S. Rogers Nova Scotia Archives Misc: Indians: Photo 48-2

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"N.S. Mic-Mac Chief Dr. Lone Cloud"

Date: ca. 1930

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Lonecloud, Dr. Jeremiah

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Group photo including Father Pacifique and Chief Peter Paul

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Paul, Chief Peter and others

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"Widow [of] late Chief John Newill"

Date: 1913

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Shubenacadie

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"Chief Peter Paul and Mrs. Newill, Mrs. [Lonecloud] and Mr. [Lonecloud]"

Date: 1913

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Shubenacadie

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Group photo including Mi'kmaq women, men and children

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Paul, Chief James and others

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John Thomas Lane in Mi'kmaq traditional clothing and Dr. Frederick W. Morris

Date: 186-

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - People - Lane, John Thomas

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"Micmac Indians at Truro Reservation, Col. Co., 26 July 1927"

Date: 1927

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Truro

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"Micmac Indians at Shubenacadie Reservation, Hants Co., N.S., June 1927"

Date: 1927

Reference: anonymous Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Truro

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Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Wilmot

Date: ca. 1930

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Wilmot, Mr. and Mrs.

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"Jerry Lone Cloud"

Date: ca. 1885

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Lonecloud - Dr. Jeremiah Lonecloud and family photos

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"'Dr.' Jeremiah Lone-cloud"

Date: ca. 1927

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Lonecloud - Dr. Jeremiah Lonecloud and family photos

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"Jeremiah Lonecloud and his son; Micmacs"

Date: ca. 1927

Photographer: anonymous

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Drawer - Indians - Lonecloud - Dr. Jeremiah Lonecloud and family photos

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