Nova Scotia Archives

Mi'kmaw Community Gatherings

Geography and Maps

If the Mi’kmaq ever produced maps of their dominions, these have been lost in the mists of time. The earliest mapping of Mi’kmaq lands was by European cartographers and therefore shows the biases of western culture. For example, while the indigenous population is identified on Thomas Jeffery’s "A New Map of Nova Scotia & Cape Britain with the Adjacent parts of New England and Canada, 1755," there is no indication of their proprietary rights to the lands displayed on the map.

A far more revealing plan is that of Captain Lewis, the "Map of the surveyed parts of Nova Scotia," also dating from 1755. Lewis included landmarks such as the Abbé LeLoutre’s mass house, plus various identified trails and Acadian settlements in the province. These transportation routes and early communities were undoubtedly influenced by traditional Mi’kmaq paths and campsites prior to European settlement.

In the nineteenth century the government decided to ‘reserve’ or set aside lands for the Mi’kmaq population, as shown on "Map of Cape Breton, 1831" and in the extended "Maps of Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842." With the creation of these reservations, and their delineation(s) in ink, the government defined Mi'kmaq proprietary rights in Nova Scotia.

Results 1 to 12 of 12 from your search: Geography and Maps

A New Map of Nova Scotia and Cape Britain and the adjacent parts of New England & Canada, 1755

Date: 1755

Publisher: Thomas Jefferys

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/200-1755

Click for more information on this chapter


"Map of the surveyed parts of Nova Scotia taken by Captain Lewis, 1755."

Date: 1755

Cartographer: Captain Lewis

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1755

Click for more information on this chapter


Map of Cape Breton, 1831

Date: 1831

Cartographer: John L. Johnston

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/201 - Cape Breton 1831

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Cumberland County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 32

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Halifax County, west side Shubenacadie Lake

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 33

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Hants County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 34

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Halifax County, St. Margaret's Bay

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 35

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Lunenburg County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 37

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Queens County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 38

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Annapolis County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 39

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Kings County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 40

Click for more information on this chapter


Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Sydney County

Date: 1842

Reference: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 45

Click for more information on this chapter


Nova Scotia Archives — https://archives.novascotia.ca/mikmaq/exhibit/results/

Crown copyright © 2021, Province of Nova Scotia.