Nova Scotia Archives

Built Heritage Resource Guide

Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes

Early travel accounts in books, magazines and newspapers offer mixed results regarding substantive information for the province’s built heritage. While most outlines focus on the physical landscape only, or provide minimal and very general community descriptions, some accounts do include references to public buildings and private residences. In the images presented below, we’ve selected a variety of communities across Nova Scotia from 1750 to the early years of the 20th century, and paired them with contemporary accounts describing their built landscape and appearance.


"A View of Halifax Drawn from Ye Topmasthead [1750]"

Date: 1750

Artist: Moses Harris and D'Anville; published according to an Act of Parliament, 25 January 1750; printed for T[homas] Jefferys, St Martin's Lane, Charing Cross [London, England]

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Map Collection: S.B. 4

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"View of the Town and Fort of Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia"

Date: ca. 1753-1755

Artist: John Hamilton

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Annapolis Royal: General View

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Church of Saint Paul and the Parade at Halifax in Nova Scotia"

Date: 1 March 1764

Artist: Richard Short

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Documentary Art Collection: 1979-147.168

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"South-East View of Lunenburg, 1816"

Date: 1816

Artist: Henry Pooley

Reference: Dalhousie University, Special Collections, William Inglis Morse Collection, Morse Print No. 45

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"View of the Front Street of Windsor"

Date: ca. 1829

Reference: In History of Nova Scotia by Thomas C. Haliburton, (Mika Reprint, 1973), opp. p. 103.Nova Scotia Archives Library: F107 H13 Vol. 2

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Lochaber Lake, County Sydney, Nova-Scotia"

Date: 1830

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Library: AK F100 M78

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Pictou from Fort Hill"

Artist: Wm. Eager

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Documentary Art Collection: 1979-147.134

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Forest St., Looking East, Yarmouth, NS"

Reference: Edith ReadNova Scotia Archives accession no. 1996-78 no. 77

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Yarmouth"

Date: ca. 1893

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Yarmouth: General

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


Church Street, Kentville, NS

Reference: Dickey familyNova Scotia Archives accession no. 1984-567 no. 1

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Kentville, Probably 1896"

Date: ca. 1896

Reference: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Kentville: General View

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Baddeck, Cape Breton, NS"

Date: 1861-1874

Reference: Walter KauzmanNova Scotia Archives accession no. 1989-268 no. 1

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Esplanade, Sydney, C.B."

Date: ca. 1908

Reference: Thorpe familyNova Scotia Archives accession no. 1986-466 no. 118

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"General View, Truro, NS"

Date: ca. 1908

Reference: Annabel EllsNova Scotia Archives album box 2 no. 117

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


"Truro, NS, from East"

Date: ca. 1908

Reference: Annabel EllsNova Scotia Archives album box 2 no. 118

Topic: Nova Scotian Settlement Landscapes


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