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mikmaq201606222

Printed Proclamation of the 1752 Treaty

Date: 1752

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives RG 1, Vol. 430, No. 2

Signed at Halifax, 22 November 1752, by "Thomas Hopson,…. Governor in Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia and Major Jean Baptiste Cope, Chief Sachem of the Tribe of the MickMack Indians inhabiting the Eastern Coast…."

No original signed copies of this treaty are known to exist. At the time of signing, copies were written into the Executive Council records now held at the Nova Scotia Archives (RG 1, Vol. 209, p. 219; RG 1, Vol. 186, p.250; RG 1, Vol. 209, p.223). A transcribed copy was also sent to the Colonial Office in London, and can be found at the National Archives (London, UK) in the Colonial Office Papers, CO 217, Vol. 40, Item 209. The Nova Scotia Archives has an original copy of the printed proclamation issued in both English and French when the treaty was signed, and this is the document used in association with this treaty.

Transcript is from W. E. Daugherty, Maritime Indian treaties in historical perspective (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1981); Treaty of 1752 in their treaty series.

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mikmaq201606233

True Copy of the 1754 Ratification by the Norridgewolk of the Treaty of 1725

Date: 1754

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives RG 1, Vol. 430, No. 5 (O/S No. 524)

Signed at Falmouth in Casco Bay (Maine), 2 July 1754, by the "chief men of the Norridgewalk" before William Shirley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay, Paul Mascarene, Commissioner from Nova Scotia, and Commissioners from the Province of New Hampshire.

This is a transcribed copy obtained by T.B. Akins in the 19th century and bound into RG 1, Vol. 430 of his collected documents at the Nova Scotia Archives.

Modern transcription is by the Nova Scotia Archives, based on comparison with records published in Nathaniel Bouton, compiler and editor, Provincial papers, documents and records relating to the Province of New Hampshire from 1749 to 1763 (New Hampshire Historical Society, Vol. 6, 1872).

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mikmaq201606235

True Copy of the 1754 Ratification by the Penobscot of the Treaty of 1725

Date: 1754

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives RG 1, Vol. 430, No. 6 (O/S No. 525)

Signed at Falmouth in Casco Bay (Maine), 6 July 1754, by the "chief men of the Penobscot" before William Shirley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay, Paul Mascarene, Commissioner from Nova Scotia and Commissioners from the Province of New Hampshire.

This is a transcribed copy obtained by T.B. Akins in the 19th century and bound into RG 1, Vol. 430 of his collected documents at the Nova Scotia Archives.

Transcription published in Nathaniel Bouton, compiler and editor, Provincial papers, documents and records relating to the Province of New Hampshire from 1749 to 1763 (New Hampshire Historical Society, Vol. 6, 1872).

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mikmaq201605008

Copy of Authenticated Copy of "Treaty of Peace and Friendship concluded by the Governor... of Nova Scotia with Paul Laurent, Chief of the La Heve tribe of Indians," 1760

Date: 1760

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives RG 1, Vol. 284, No. 17

Signed at Halifax, March 1760, by Governor Charles Lawrence and Paul Laurent, Chief of the La Heve [LaHave].

No original copies are known to exist for this, or for any of the other 1760 and 1761 treaties. This is a transcribed copy made for T.B. Akins in the 19th century and bound into RG 1, Vol. 284 of his collected documents at the Nova Scotia Archives. The source for this transcribed copy was a document collected by the Rev. Andrew Brown, minister at what is now St. Matthew's United Church in Halifax, 1787-1795, during which time the Rev. Mr. Brown collected and copied many documents as background for his planned history of North America. The documents, including a contemporaneous copy of this treaty, eventually became part of the Andrew Brown collection at the British Library in London (Ad MS 19071).

Transcription from the Supreme Court of Canada decision in the case of R. v Marshall [1999] 3 S.C.R. 456.

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mikmaq201606298

Copy of "Treaty of Peace and Friendship" between Jonathon Belcher and Francis Muis, 1761

Date: 1761

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives RG 1, Vol. 430, No. 20a

Signed at Halifax, 9 November 1761, by Jonathan Belcher, President of His Majesty's Council and Francis Muis, Chief of the La Have and witnessed by "P. Maillard, Priest missionnary of indians."

No original copies are known to exist for this, or for any of the other 1760 and 1761 treaties. This is a copy made in 1812 by the Rev. Jean-Mandé Sigogne, who had access to an original document.

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mikmaq201605012

"By the King, A Proclamation." 1763

Date: 1763

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives RG 1, Vol. 346, No. 2

Issued at the Court at St. James', 7 October 1763.

This is an original document published by the King's Printer, Robert Baskett, in London in 1763, for distribution to the colonies. This copy was received and published in Halifax in January 1764.

Transcript sourced from the Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law School, and verified by the Nova Scotia Archives.

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mikmaq201605019

Copy of Treaty of 1779 signed at Windsor between John Julien, Chief and Michael Francklin, representing the Government of Nova Scotia.

Date: 1779

Reference: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives O/S No. 516

Signed at Windsor, NS, 22 September 1779 by John Julien, Chief, and others representing the "Mirimichy", as well as representatives from the "Pogmousche, Restigouche... Richebouctou... and Jedyac," and others together representing those and "all others residing between Cape Tormentine and the Bay DeChaleurs," and Michael Francklin, the King's Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Nova Scotia.

The document was certified as a true copy by Francklin and enclosed in a packet of documents sent from Halifax on 10 October 1779 by Lieutenant Governor Richard Hughes to George Germain, Secretary of State for the American Department at the Colonial Office in London. The Nova Scotia Archives has a photostatic copy of this document, the original of which was received in London on 13 November 1779, and is now in the National Archives (London UK) in the Colonial Office Papers as CO 217, Vol. 54, Item 254.

Transcript is from W. E. Daugherty, Maritime Indian treaties in historical perspective (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1981); Treaty of 1761 (Merimichi tribe) in that publication.

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